According to a new research, the Asian tiger mosquito could shift from hotter regions to Europe and the United States as the year 2050 approaches.
The scientists warn people that the rising temperatures in Europe caused by climate change could bring traditionally tropical diseases such as dengue fever and chikungunya to the UK.
The said research paper was published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. It shows that the threat from the Asian tiger mosquito will grow over the next 25 years if temperatures continue to rise and population continue to expand.
The team of researchers predicted that about 2.4 billion people could be exposed to the Asian tiger mosquito by the middle of the middle of the century, which can transmit pathogens that spread dengue fever, chikungunya infection, yellow fever and encephalitis.
The report also predicts that northern South America, Southern Europe, Central Africa, Madagascar and Southeast Asia, will become inhospitable for the mosquito, as they would become too hot in summer months.
The researchers state that in general, the environmental condition in the tropics where Ae. albopictus is native, become less suitable, whereas other regions become more predisposed to mosquito invasion, allowing the species to compensate for the loss of their territory. Furthermore, combining the simulated habitat suitability index above 70 percent and population projections for the year 2050, the researchers estimated that about 2.4 billion people will live in areas that are climatically favourable for Ae.Albopictus.
The research team greatly urges the government to be prepared for the increasing potential for the mosquito to enter the UK. They also added that the results should be used in a way not to promote fear but awareness to the people.
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