Approximately, there are 100 million dengue fever cases that transpire around the world. Most tropical areas are highly liable to these dengue fever cases. Such areas are located in the Southeast Asia, Pacific Islands, Africa, Central and South America and the subcontinent of India. Other cases happen because of traveling abroad. People who travel abroad and get caught of the dengue virus which comes from areas that are prone to dengue cases increase in number in the United States. Dengue fever is caused by dengue viruses which are mosquito-borne and transmitted by the stings of mosquitoes that are infected with a dengue virus.
Signs of dengue fever include high fever, muscle pains, nausea, vomiting, severe headaches, bleeding and skin rash. In some cases, these symptoms are underestimated by people. People tend to relate these symptoms only with viral infections or ordinary flu. Unfortunately, people who have weaker immune systems are prone to a more serious form of dengue fever. This rare complication is referred to as the dengue hemorrhagic fever which can cause serious bleeding, damage to blood vessels, enlargement of liver and malfunction of the circulatory system. This complication may lead to dengue shock syndrome (DSS) which may cause death.
Hence, if these symptoms are showing up, it is advised to consult the physicians immediately. With an early treatment, it can prevent serious complication that can cause to death. Most people do not give much importance to symptoms because they thought it’s just a normal fever. People should be knowledgeable with dengue so that they are aware with the symptoms and treatments.
Image by European Vaccine Initiative